Help Us Ban Compound 1080

Photo of deadly Compound 1080 poison

Cans of Compound 1080 poison

From its inception, Predator Defense has fought for a worldwide ban on the deadly poison called Compound 1080. A bill that could eliminate it for good has just been re-introduced in Congress. DETAILS

Photo of Bea, a dog who likely died from Compound 1080

Pets are at great risk of exposure
to poisons like Compound 1080


1080 Victim?

May 2008 - Brooke and Cliff Everest of Bozeman, MT, lost their beloved dog, an American Brittany named Bea, whiile on a rafting trip on the White River in Utah. Bea suffered the agonizing and classic symptoms of Compound 1080 poisoning after an encounter with a sheep carcass.
Read their letter | Read press release

What is Compound 1080?

It’s toxic! One teaspoon of Compound 1080 could kill 100 people. And there is no known antidote. It is colorless, has no odor or taste, and it dissolves easily in water. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has placed sodium fluoroacetate—Compound 1080—in the Toxicity Category I indicating the highest degree of acute toxicity, for acute oral toxicity.

Once exposed, victims of 1080 poisoning die slowly. Symptoms are not immediate—they being to appear half an hour or more after exposure and may last from hours to days. Symptoms typically include a cycle of repeated vomiting, involuntary hyperextension of the limbs, convulsions, and collapse. Victims can also experience heightened anxiety, hallucination, intense pain, and deep depression. Compound 1080 is so potent that animals eating tainted carcasses—even months after that animal has died—can succumb to secondary poisoning.

With the new specter of terrorism, why does the government continue to support production and export of one of the world's deadliest poisons?

History

Building on research conducted by a Belgian scientist at the end of the 19th century, Compound 1080--sodium fluoroacetate—was developed in the U.S. as a rodenticide and mammalian predacide. Its use for these purposes in the U.S. began in the 1940s.

In 1972 President Nixon issued Executive Order 11643 banning the use of poisons to control predators on Federal lands. Shortly thereafter, the EPA issued PR Notice 72-2 that cancelled all registered predator control uses of sodium fluoroacetate, sodium cyanide, and strychnine. Despite the ban, pre-1972 stockpiles were never recalled or destroyed and this poison is still illegally used today to kill wolves, coyotes, and eagles.

Predator Defense Keeps Compound 1080 Out of Oregon

Predator Defense led a three-year campaign to keep Compound 1080 collars out of Oregon. After the EPA and Oregon’s Department of Agriculture gave a green light for the collars use, Predator Defense went to Oregon’s Governor, John Kitzhaber. As an emergency room physician, Governor Kitzhaber recognized that if poisons are present they will fall into the wrong hands. He assured Predator Defense that he would work to have its use banned. The Governor asked the USDA to voluntarily pull the registration so these toxic collars would never be used in Oregon. In 1998 it became illegal to use Compound 1080 in Oregon.

Illegal Use of Compound 1080 Still Killing Wildlife and Pets

Wildlife law enforcement officials have documented Compound 1080 poisoning of wolves on national forests in Central Idaho. In Grand Junction, Colorado, in just one incident, Compound 1080 killed approximately 30 pets and at least 35 birds. Because of the time lapse between ingesting this poison and the onset of sickness, as well as the incidence of secondary poisonings, the actual body count is likely much higher than can be documented.

1080 Livestock Protection Collars

Legal use of this poison began again in 1985 when the Environmental Protection Agency granted the U.S. Department of Interior registration for the use of Compound 1080 in the form of toxic collars worn by sheep and goats. By then the device was called the Livestock Protection Collar (LPC). In 1986, the authority for the use of these devices was transferred to U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS), Wildlife Services (formally Animal Damage Control).

Worn around an animal’s neck, the collar contains two rubber bladders holding Compound 1080 which will be ingested if a predator, such as a coyote or dog, pierces the collar while attempting to take down the animal. These toxic collars are the only legal way Compound 1080 can be used in the U.S. and USDA APHIS’s Wildlife Services is the only agency registered to use them. Wildlife Services is now allowed to use these collars in Idaho, Montana, New Mexico, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, West Virginia, and Wyoming.

The World’s Only Known Manufacturer of Compound 1080

The Tull Chemical Company in Oxford, Alabama is the only legal producer of Compound 1080 in the U.S. It is a small, family-owned business that has been making this toxin for decades. Most of the Compound 1080 is exported to New Zealand.

Go to Archives and see PredatorPress, Winter 2002 for more on Compound 1080 and Predator Defense’s field investigation in Alabama.

In the News

Wildlife investigators: Poison killed Colorado wolf
- from Associated Press, January 10, 2011

Predator Poison Killing Central Idaho Dogs
- from Associated Press, May 15, 2010

Idaho Falls Post Register reports on Compound 1080 Killing Dogs in Idaho
- as commented on by Melissa Waage on NRDC staff blog, May 15, 2010

Alabama Congressman Tries to Sabotage Wildlife Poison Bill
- by John Fleming, Anniston Star, Aug. 19, 2008

Predator Poison: DeFazio Plans to Ban Deadly Toxins
- by Camilla Mortensen, Eugene Weekly, Nov. 15, 2007

1080 Is Not a Humane Poison: International Journal Publishes RSPCA Paper
- RSPCA Media Release, Nov. 11-15, 2007

Rep. DeFazio Pushes Ban of Alabama-Made Poison Exported to NZ
- by Jay Reeves, Associated Press, Nov. 8, 2007

DeFazio Supports Ban on 1080
- by Kera Abraham, Eugene Weekly, Jan. 12, 2006

CIA Report Cites Iraq’s Test of [Coyote] Poison
- by Michael Milstein, The Oregonian, Portland, Oregon, May 28, 2005

1080 Found in Iraq by Survey Group
- by George Smith, Ph.D., GlobalSecurity.org, May, 25, 2005

Alabama Poison Plant Targeted Over Environmental Terrorism
- by Jay Reeves, Associated Press, Oxford, Alabama, December 12, 2004

Wolf Poisons Raises Alarms About Its Terrorism Potential
- by Michael Milstein, The Oregonian, Nov. 3, 2004

Dog Poisonings As Terrorism
- by Todd Wilkinson, Headwaters News, Aug. 5, 2004

Congressman wants Tull Chemical in Oxford Closed
- by Charlotte Tubbs, Annison Star, Oxford, Alabama, March 6, 2004

Saddam Colonel "Saw Thousands Murdered" (with Compound 1080)
- by Steve Boggan, The Evening Standard (London), April 17, 2003

Group Seeks Federal Ban Of Poison Used On Coyotes
- by Michael Milstein, The Oregonian, Dec. 5, 2001

Statement Regarding Toxicity of Sodium Fluoroacetate
- Arbor Occupational Medicine, Nov. 12, 2001

1080 in New Zealand

Learn about the use of 1080 in New Zealand on the Stop 1080 Poison website.

A wealth of 1080 science and information on the 1080 Science website.

Watch YouTube video that documents the indiscriminate nature of 1080 poisoning in New Zealand, where it is broadcast from aircraft to kill possums, but also kills deer, horses, dogs, and other animals.

Watch preview of "A Shadow of Doubt," a new documentary by the Graf Boys on the dangerous affect of Compound 1080 use in New Zealand.